How to Become a Stenographer in India (Latest): Types, Scope in India & Salary

How to become a stenographer in India | Career in stenography in India | Stenography Course Duration and Fees | Stenographer salary | What is Stenography | Stenography course in government Institute 

What is a Stenographer and How Does Stenography Work? | Naegeli

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To become a stenographer, interested candidates should pursue certificate or diploma typing courses or writing courses. There are various types of writing institutes where students can pursue courses of their choice. The most important thing to becoming a stenographer is to know the shorthand language and have a typing speed of at least 30-40 words per minute. Such speed is required because they have to listen to the conversation and quickly transcribe it into a documented form. For more upcoming Graduate Jobs click here


A stenographer is a trained professional who can translate spoken language into a coded form called shorthand. Shorthand is a coded format where longer conversations and arguments are recorded and documented. In recent times, there was no modern technology for stenographers to record, so they had to transcribe the information using a steno machine. Do you type letters quickly on a computer or mobile? Have you ever tried typing while someone dictates? If your answer is yes, then you can make your career as a stenographer. A stenographer post is a government job with lots of benefits. Stenographers are in high demand in various fields these days. Do you know how to become a stenographer in India after the 12th? To become a stenographer, candidates have to fulfill certain qualifications and qualify for competitive exams. There are many job opportunities for candidates who want to become a stenographer in various sectors in government and private organizations like government offices, courtrooms, corporate organizations, lawyers’ firms, and others.


Stenography is a fast form of writing that uses symbols or abbreviations to represent words or phrases. This is a quick way to write each word without having to write it all out. Shorthand symbols represent whole words, sounds, or letters. They can be written in a linear fashion, like regular text, or in a non-linear fashion, like code. Stenography can be written by hand or by machine. Handwritten stenography is usually written in a notebook with special paper with ruled lines and symbols. Stenography is a fast and efficient way of writing and can be used to take verbatim notes or transcribe speech. This is a valuable skill for anyone who needs to take accurate and detailed notes, such as journalists, students, and researchers.


There are three main types of stenography: ShorthandSpeed Writing, and Pitman.

  • Shorthand is the fastest of the three and is commonly used by court reporters. It is a quick way of writing by shortening words and using symbols to represent sounds.
  • Speed ​​writing is a bit slower but much faster than handwriting. It is a method of writing quickly using abbreviations and symbols.
  • Pitman is the slowest of the three but the most accurate. It is a writing system using sound-based alphabets.


To learn stenography, one must first understand the basics of written language. This includes knowing how to write letters and how to read and write words. There are a few ways to learn stenography. One is to take a class from a stenography school or online course. It will allow you to understand the basics of computers and how to use a stenography machine.


  • ITI Course with 2 years duration
  • Diploma course with 3 years duration
  • Certification Course


Educational Qualifications:

  • The minimum qualification to apply for Stenographer posts is 10+2 from a recognized board.
  • Additionally, aspirants can complete the polytechnic courses and diploma courses in Shorthand and Typing with at least 65% marks from any stream.

Age Limit:

  • The minimum age to apply for the post of stenographer is 18 years and the maximum age is 27 years.


  • The applicant must be a citizen of India.


  • Sriram Institute of Professional and Vocational Studies (SIPVS), New Delhi
  • Ahimsa Women Polytechnic, New Delhi
  • Delhi Institute of Early Childhood Care and Education – DIECCE, New Delhi
  • Maharani Kishori Memorial College of Vocational Education for Girls – MKM, Haryana
  • Bhavnagar University, Gujarat
  • Women’s Technical Education & Research Institute, Nagpur
  • IEC University – Baddi Campus, Himachal Pradesh
  • International Women Polytechnic – Delhi, Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh
  • The George Telegraph Training Institute – Ansel, Gujarat, Bagnan, West Bengal
  • Shri Vishwakarma Private Industrial Training Institute (SVPITI), Indore


  • Typing skills with at least 25 words per minute.
  • Communication skills
  • Proficiency in English
  • Knowledge of latest technologies
  • Knowledge of shorthand


The salary of a stenographer is based on the candidate’s performance. Salaries for new and experienced applicants vary by industry. The starting salary of a stenographer in the government department is Rs. 8000 and in the private sector Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 15,000 per month. The salary of an experienced stenographer is Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 30,000 per month.

Experience Wise Salary

Years of Experience Average Salary (INR)
1 Year 2,40,000 p/a
1 – 4 Years 3,00,000 – 3,60,000 p/a
5 – 9 Years 4,80,000 – 6,60,000 p/a


  • Stenographer
  • Steno Secretary
  • Steno Typist
  • Steno Office Assistant
  • Data Entry Operator


  • One gets to learn new writing skills every day
  • Stenographers are paid lucrative salaries
  • Stenographers have the flexibility to work anywhere across the world
  • Stenography is a highly rewarding career and is in huge demand in recent times


As government offices and private companies require efficient services, there is a lot of stenographer job opportunity in India. Although technology has advanced in the field of translation, there is still human interaction that works more efficiently than artificial intelligence. Lawyers need stenographers because they often assist in courtrooms, meeting with witnesses, and handling clients. Also, if stenographers get a government job, the rest of their future tenure is taken care of. Generally, a stenographer works 9 to 11 hours a day. If you are a freelancer, you can work on your own schedule.

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